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Air pollution is increasing continuously, it can be more dangerous for health than you imagine

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These days the air quality in Delhi and NCR has reached very poor level. The AQI (air quality index) has exceeded 400. Its worst effect is on health. Air pollution is causing many serious health problems. The World Health Organization (WHO) has also expressed concern many times over the increasing pollution. Many times attention has been drawn towards the health problems caused by pollution. Most of the people think that the effect of pollution is only on their lungs. Whereas its health risks are more dangerous than you imagine. Let us know about the health risks caused by air pollution health effects.

What is the World Health Organization

According to news published by WHO in Geneva (Switzerland) in November 2019, as the world is getting warmer and more congested, the machines we use are emitting worse emissions. Half the world does not even have access to clean fuel or stoves, lamps. The air we breathe is getting dangerously polluted. About 7 million people die every year due to inhaling polluted air.

Increases risk of respiratory infection, heart disease and lung cancer

In the guideline given by WHO, it has been clearly stated that due to high level of air pollution, there can be many adverse health consequences. This increases the risk of respiratory infection, heart disease and lung cancer. Those who are already ill are most affected. Children, elderly and poor people are more victims of this. When the particulate matter (PM) is 2.5, it begins to penetrate deeper into the lung passages.

What is particulate matter

Particulate matter is particulate matter found in the air, including dust, dirt, soot, smoke and fluid droplets. Particulate matter is typically emitted from sources such as diesel vehicles and coal-fired power plants. Particles less than 10 micrometers in diameter (PM10) are a matter of health concern. These can be inhaled and accumulate in the respiratory system.

Particles less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter (PM2.5) pose the greatest health risk. Because of their small size (about 1/30th of the average width of a human hair), fine particles can penetrate deep into the lungs.

Air pollution that affects the lungs and nervous system the most

Air pollution has serious health effects. One-third of deaths from stroke, lung cancer and heart disease are due to air pollution affecting the lungs and nervous system. It has an effect equal to that of tobacco used in smoking. Those who eat too much salt have far more harmful effects than those who do not. From chronic bronchitis to lung cancer, air pollution has the potential to increase the risk of disease.

air pollution
The relationship between air pollution and diseases of the respiratory system is quite clear. Image: Shutterstock

Its relation to air pollution and the respiratory system is quite clear. Air pollution is also known to affect the nervous system. When particulate matter enters the nasal cavity, it causes inflammation. This makes the situation worse.

The World Health Organization states that health risks are greatly increased due to air pollution.

The particles can cause irritation and inflammation in the nose. It can also cause runny nose.

Air pollution can also be associated with lung damage and disrupted lung function.

Air Pollution Has Inflammatory Effects on the Heart

It can increase blood pressure and aggravate pre-existing heart disease. Prolonged exposure to polluted air significantly increases the risk of death. People prone to heart diseases are at higher risk.

Increases death rate

According to an article by researchers Adel Ghorani-Azam, Bamdad Riahi-Zanjani, and Mahdi Balali, published in the Journal of Medical Sciences, there was an in-depth research on air pollution in Iran.

According to this, the six major air pollutants include particulate pollution, ground-level ozone, carbon monoxide, sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides and lead. This is also what the World Health Organization says. Promotes long-lasting diseases such as respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, neuropsychiatric complications, eye irritation, skin diseases and cancer.

Several reports have suggested an increased rate of mortality from exposure to poor air quality.

vaayu pradushn ke prabhaav
Air pollution promotes long-lasting diseases such as respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, neuropsychiatric complications, eye irritation, skin diseases and cancer. Image: Shutterstock

This is mostly due to heart and respiratory diseases. Air pollution is considered a major environmental risk factor for certain diseases such as asthma, lung cancer, ventricular hypertrophy, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease, and even psychological complications, autism.

Also read :- Home responsibilities and office work is increasing stress, so here are 6 tips to manage it

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