The month of October is known as Breast Cancer Awareness Month. During this, efforts are made to spread as much awareness as possible about breast cancer. In view of the increasing statistics of breast cancer, it is very important for people to have the right information about it. Most breast cancer cases are found in developed countries like the UK. However, now the cases of breast cancer are increasing in India as well. Therefore it is important that you be aware about how to reduce breast cancer risks.
As soon as the symptoms of breast cancer are seen, it is important to consult a doctor immediately. If it is caught in the early stages, it is not very difficult to get rid of it. But if you keep ignoring its symptoms, it becomes difficult to control it later.
We talked to Dr Ritu Sethi about the symptoms and prevention of breast cancer. He has told many important things related to breast cancer. So let us know, how the increasing statistics of breast cancer can be controlled.
First of all let’s know the symptoms seen in breast cancer
The symptoms of breast cancer that the Center for Disease Control and Prevention has warned about are as follows –
1. Lumps in the breast or under arms.
2. Thickening or swelling of parts of the breast.
3. Burning or dimpling of the skin of the breast.
4. Appearance of red spots in the nipple or breast or the formation of flaky skin on the breast.
5. Feeling of stretch in the nipple or pain in the nipple area.
6. Bleeding and other types of discharge coming from the nipple.
7. Changes in the shape and size of the breast.
8. Unexplained pain in any part of the breast.
If you want to prevent breast cancer, then remember these things
Health Shots spoke to Dr Ritu Sethi, Director, Aura Clinic, Sector 31 Gurgaon and Senior Consultant, Cloud Nine Hospital, Gurgaon Sector 14, on this topic. She is telling some important ways to avoid breast cancer –
1. It is important to know about family history
Dr Ritu Sethi says, “If your mother, sister, aunt, aunt or any close relative has had breast cancer, then definitely inform the doctor about this. If so, the doctor checks for the breast cancer gene (BRCA gene). If this gene is found positive in any woman, then they are more likely to develop breast cancer.
Whereas in 10 to 15 percent of cases, breast cancer is gene-transferred. If a woman has a breast cancer gene present, they need to be more vigilant and keep in touch with the doctor.”
2. Pay Attention After 40
According to Dr Ritu Sethi, women after 40 years are more likely to develop breast cancer. In such a situation, after the age of 40, a mammography test must be done once every 2 years. Doctors say that the statistics of breast cancer are the highest in the US, while the American College of Radiologists also recommends getting mammography tested.
Along with this, in order to prevent the increasing statistics of breast cancer, the European Society also asks to get mammography done once every 2 years. If someone in your family history has had breast cancer, you should get tested more frequently.
3. Do regular breast self examination
Obviously you can’t go to the hospital everyday to find out your risk of breast cancer. In such a situation, Dr. Ritu Sethi has advised to do breast self-examination. You can take help of your gynecologist in this regard.
Along with this, to do breast self-examination, you have to touch the breast regularly with your hands and if any changes are seen, then consult a doctor immediately. Along with this, try pressing the breast for some time, if any kind of lump is coming out of it, then it can be a sign of breast cancer.
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